Hotel Arizona at the Tucson Convention Center   

Tucson, A rizona

April 27-30, 2006













THURSDAY, April 27


Pre-conference Workshops:


9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (with a lunch break) - Oral History Workshop. Location:  Ironwood  


            Sponsored by the Coordinating Committee for History in Arizona (CCHA) & Southwest Oral History Association (SOHA). Conducted by Melanie Sturgeon, Ph.D., director of the ASLAPR History and Archives Division; and Catherine May, M.A., Salt River Project archivist, this workshop is designed for individuals (professional and non-professional) who have little or no experience in oral history interviewing. Through hands-on and interactive exercises, the workshop covers basic information and issues: planning and implementing a project; good research methodology and strategies; conducting interviews; problems in conducting research and interviews; basic equipment issues; transcribing and accessibility. Registration fee: $35.00 (meal not included). Registration deadline: April 14. Make checks payable and mail to: CCHA-Oral History Workshop, P.O. Box 874302, Tempe, AZ  85287-4302. For information contact, Catherine May, (602) 236-6750,; or Melanie Sturgeon (602) 542-4159,



9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. (with a lunch break) - Historic Preservation 101. Location: Cottonwood


            Sponsored by Arizona Preservation Foundation (APF), this workshop is designed for professionals and non-professionals who have little or no experience in historic preservation or who want to begin a historic preservation project. Professionals from the private and public sector will disseminate information on National Register of Historic Places, Secretary of Interior, SHPO, and local topics (researching a historic property, preservation/designation process, and preservation techniques/resources). Workship leaders: William Collins, SHPO, “The State Historic Preservation Office and You”; Eric Vondy, SHPO, “Benefits and Tax Incentives for Historic Properties”; Janet Parkhurst, Janet Strittmatter, Inc., “Researching a Historic Property”; and Ralph Comey, Ralph Comey Architects, “Working with Consultants. Registration fee: $25.00 (meal not included). Registration deadline: April 14. Make checks payable and mail to: Arizona Preservation Foundation, P.O. Box 13492, Phoenix, AZ 85002. For information contact, Arizona Preservation Foundation, (602) 258-1920,



10:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. – Genealogy Research Workshop. Location:  Redwood


“Unearth Your Family History: The Latest and Greatest Ways to Search for Your Ancestors.” Sponsored by the Arizona State Genealogical Society, Inc., and conducted by experienced researchers and lecturers from the Society, as well as community historians, this workshop is designed for beginning and more experienced family researchers. The morning sessions will cover research techniques from sources in your own home and in regional libraries and archives. The afternoon sessions will briefly cover sources available on the Internet, followed by an in-depth discussion of sources for Hispanic research. Handouts will be provided. Registration fee: $30.00 (meal not included). Registration deadline: April 14. Mail registration and payment to: ASGS Genealogy Workshop. Attn. Betty Cook, 8258 E. Kenyon Dr., Tucson, AZ 85710-4271. For information contact Betty Cook, (520) 886-3363,; or Barbara Salyer (520) 296-1498,



noon – 4:00 p.m. – Arizona Digital Archives for Historical Research. Location:  Sagewood


Sponsored by Friends of Arizona Archives (FAzA). Have a question about a topic in Arizona history? In the past, your investigation would have required traveling to a variety of repositories, spending hours hoping to find clues and bits of information in a particular collection, and wondering about other collections that might hold the key to your research. At this half-day workshop, a panel of experts will explain what the Arizona Archives Online Project is, how it came about, how to use it, and what the future holds for this special project. Representatives from ASU, NAU, and UA will also provide information about their respective online resources and how they can be used by researchers. Workshop leaders: Rob Spindler, ASU; Peter Runge and Todd Welch, NAU; and Amara Edwards and Amy Vereide, UA. Registration fee: $10.00 (meal not included). Registration deadline: April 14. Make checks payable and mail to: Friends of Arizona Archives, P.O. Box 64532, Phoenix, AZ 85082-4532. For information contact Bee Valvo, (928) 523-5912, or



3:00 p.m.--5:00 p.m. – Conference Registration.  Location: Lower Level Lobby.


            Booksellers set up.  Location:  Grand Ballroom Foyer & Exhibit Area.



4:15 p.m. – 5:30 p.m. – Plenary Session. Location: Grand Ballroom


Second Annual McFarland Forum – Speaker: Dennis DeConcini, “From Tucson to the U.S. Senate: Reflections on My Career in Politics”



6:00 p.m.  Reception. Location: Starlight Ballroom.             


6:30 p.m.  Dinner. Location:  Starlight Ballroom.


            Welcome: Dennis DeConcini  


            Speaker: Governor Janet Napolitano                                  



FRIDAY, April 28


7:30 a.m.--5:00 p.m. - Registration.  Location: Lower Level Lobby.


            Book Displays.  Location: Grand Ballroom Foyer & Exhibit Area.




8:30 a.m.--9:45 a.m.


Session 1A: - Reflections on Dennis DeConcini. Location: Grand Ballroom East & Central


            Moderator: Jack L. August, Jr., Arizona Historical Foundation.


            Panelists: Dino DeConcini, Ron Ober, Dennis Burke, and Linda Whitaker


            Comment: Dennis DeConcini 



Session 1B: - Visions in the Dust: Photographing 1930s Arizona. Location: Grand   Ballroom West


Chair: Katherine Morrissey, University of Arizona.


Margaret Regan, “Paper Faces: Photographs of Navajo and Hopi”


Nancy Parezo, “Scientific Photography: Cameras in 1930s Southwest Archeology”


Lydia Otero, “Refusing to be Undocumented: Mexican Americans during the Depression”




10:00 a.m.--11:15 a.m.



            Session 2A: - Winners and Losers: Arizona Electoral Upsets. Location:  Grand Ballroom East


            Chair: Linda Whitaker, Arizona Historical Foundation.


Jack Pfister, “Evan Mecham vs. Burton Barr: The 1986 Republican Primary for Governor”


            Jack L. August, Jr., “Burros, Bullets, and God: The 1976 Primary for the U.S. Senate”


            Dino DeConcini, “My Campaigns for Public Office: The Story of the Only Person in Arizona History to Have Run for Two Statewide Offices the Same Year and not been Elected to Either One”



            Session 2B: - Apaches and the Apache Wars. Location:  Grand Ballroom Central   


            Chair: Larry D. Ball, Arkansas State University


            Allan Radbourne, “Mickey Free: The Man Behind the Character”


            Victoria Smith, “Geronimo’s Yodascin: The Role of Captivity in the Chiricahua War”


Robert F. Palmquist, “Murder Trial in a War Zone: The Prosecution and Defense of the ‘Camp Grant Massacre’ Trial”



            Session 2C: - Yuma Yesterdays. Location: Grand Ballroom West


            Chair: Oscar Schraml, Yuma.


            Carol Brooks, “Yuma—Marriage Capitol of the Southwest”


            Megan Reid, “Hollywood Comes to the Yuma Area”


            Robert Nelson, “Bloody Arizona: A Dorrington/Reavis Clan History”




Noon--1:30 p.m. - Arizona Historical Society Al Merito Luncheon.  Location: Starlight Ballroom




2:00 p.m.--3:15 p.m.



            Session 3A: - Arizona’s Progressive Women. Location:  Grand Ballroom East.           

            Chair: Melanie Sturgeon, Arizona State Library, Archives, and Public Records


            Sarah Bohl, “Arizona’s Progressive Woman Editor: Josephine Brawley Hughes”


Jean A. Giliberto, “A Life of Tragedy and Public Contribution in Arizona: Elizabeth Lambert Wood, 1871-1962”           


            Carol Palmer, “Doing It for Our Daughters: Arizona Women and the ERA”



            Session 3B: - The Military in Two Centuries. Location:  Grand Ballroom Central.


            Chair: John Westerlund, Flagstaff


Melissa Ruffner, “From Bowie & Lowell to Baltimore: The Personal Letters of Stephan Curran, U.S. Army, 1884-1886”


Catherine M. Ellis, “Jesse M. Smith and Company F of the National Guard: From Flagstaff to Snowflake, 1910-1916”


            Celeste Crouch, “WWII—Major Turning Point in the West Valley of Phoenix”



Session 3C: - Divided Arizona: Ethnicity and Prejudice. Location: Grand Ballroom West.


            Chair: Pete Dimas, Phoenix College


Frank M. Barrios, “Phoenix, A Divided City: A History of the Hispanic Community of Phoenix Prior to World War II”


Robert A. Siegel, “Total War: The University of Arizona’s Policy of Prejudice and How the Quakers Worked around It to Help Japanese-Americans Escape from the Camps into Colleges”


James F. Vivian, “‘A Highly Delicate Situation’: A Postscript to the Launching of the USS Arizona



3:30 p.m.--4:45 p.m.


            Session 4A: - Advancing the Cultural Frontier.  Location: Grand Ballroom East.


            Chair: Kathleen Garcia, Phoenix Public Library


            Ryan Flahive, “The Role of Arizona Territorial Historian, 1909-1912”


Robert D. Leighninger, Jr., “The Public Works Administration in Tucson: Investment in Cultural Infrastructure”


            L. Boyd Finch, “Robert Frost, JFK and Stewart Udall”



            Session 4B: - Looking for Old Things.  Location: Grand Ballroom Central.


            Chair:  James E. Babbitt, Flagstaff


Donna and George Hartz, “The Antiquities Act of 1906—Changing the Face of Arizona”


Erik Berg, “Rock Hounds and River Rats: The 1937 Carnegie-Cal Tech Colorado River Expedition”


            Henry Karpinski, “A Bridge Worthy At Grand Canyon”



            Session 4C: - Friends of Arizona Archives (FAzA). Location: Grand Ballroom West.


            “Archival Treasures: The Faces and Voices of Arizona”


This session will focus on archival collections in Arizona repositories that bring to life the heritage and culture of the state’s Hispanic, Native American, and African American communities.


Presenters: Chris Marin, ASU Chicano Collections; Kim Frontz, AHS Native American Collections; Roger Myers, UA African American Collections.



5:00 p.m.--7:00 p.m.  Reception and Open House.  AHS Sosa-Carrillo-Frémont House. 





SATURDAY, April 29



7:00 a.m. – 8:15 a.m. – Early Bird Arizona Centennial Special. Location: Mesquite Room.


Join members of the Arizona Historic Advisory Committee (AHAC) in a lively, informal discussion about the Arizona Statehood Centennial. This is your opportunity to learn about centennial preparations, to consider how your and your organization(s) might develop a “Centennial Project,” and to offer your perspectives on how Arizona might best serve Arizonans as we gear up for this important commemoration. AHAC participants: Richard Sims, Sharlot Hall Museum; Noel J. Stowe, ASU; Betsy Stuntz-Hall, Arizona Library Association; Anne Woosley, AHS; Catherine May, SRP. Sponsored by CCHA and Arizona Historical Research. For more information contact Catherine May at or (602) 236-6750.


8:00 a.m.--noon. - Registration. Location: Lower Level Lobby.


            Book Displays.  Location: Grand Ballroom Foyer & Exhibit Area.


8:30 a.m.--9:45 a.m.



Session 5A: - Peculiar Mysteries in Arizona’s History. Location: Grand Ballroom East.


            Chair: Bob Boze Bell, True West Magazine.


Todd Bostwick, “The Bizarre Case of the Silverbell Road Lead Artifacts: One of the Greatest Archaeological Frauds in Arizona History?”


Vince Murray, “Three Frenchmen and an Old Woman: The Legends, Myths, and History of Harqua Hala”


            Marshall Trimble, “Father Kino and the Blue Maiden”



            Session 5B: - Men Who Made a Difference. Location: Grand Ballroom Central.


            Chair: Juti Winchester, Buffalo Bill Museum


            Kathleen McConnell, “Homer L. Shantz, an Arizona Explorer and Scientist”


            Mary Noon Kasulaitis, “Dr. Adolphus H. Noon: ‘The Father of Oro Blanco’”


            David Grasse, “Commodore Perry Owens—The Man Behind the Badge”



            Session 5C: - Politics and Revolution. Location: Grand Ballroom West.


            Chair: F. Arturo Rosales, Arizona State University


            Robin Zenger, “Arizona Statehood and the Times: Fit to Join? Fit to Print?”


Janolyn Lo Vecchio, “‘We Have Got to Get This Man, John Hess’: Arizona’s First Recall Election of May 31, 1913”


            Cindy Hayostek, “Alice Gatliff: Forgotten Woman of the Mexican Revolution”




10:00 a.m.--11:15 a.m.


            Session 6A: - McFarland Student Scholar Session.  Location: Grand Ballroom East.


            Chair:  William Phillips, Arizona State University


            National History Day students present their prize-winning Arizona history essays.



            Session 6B: - Working Women. Location: Grand Ballroom Central.


            Chair:  Mary Melcher, Arizona Historical Society


            Geta LeSeur, “Sarah Lucille Smith: Griot or Settler Figure of Arizona’s Cotton Belt”


Adan Paul Flores, “The Effects of Maquiladores on Traditional Female Roles in Sonora, 1965-2002”


Jacquelyn Kasper, “Practicing Law in Territorial Arizona in a Skirt: The Tucson Years of Arizona’s First Woman Lawyer”



            Session 6C: - Historic Trails in Southern Arizona. Location: Grand Ballroom West.


            Chair: Reba Wells Grandrud, Phoenix


            Tom Jonas, “The Inverted Pyramid: An Important Landmark on Kearny’s 1846 Trail”


            Stan Brown, “The Butterfield Trail Revisited: From Yuma to Stein’s Peak”


            Rose Ann Tompkins, “Historic Routes, Emigrant Diaries, and GPS”




Noon--1:30 a.m. - Luncheon.  Location:  Starlight Ballroom.


Speaker:  Ken Travous, Arizona State Parks, “Kartchner Caverns: The Conspiracy of Silence”




2:00 p.m. -- 3:15 p.m.



            Session 7A: - The San Rafael Ranch.  Location: Grand Ballroom East.


            Chair: John Lacy, Tucson


            Michael Friesinger, “Early History”


            Bob Sharp, “The Greene-Sharp Era”


            Lee Eseman, “Natural Area Park”



Session 7B: - From Segregated School to National Historic Site: The Story of Tucson’s Dunbar School. Location: Grand Ballroom Central.


A roundtable discussion with Charles Ford, Etta Dawson, Cressworth Lander, and Johnny W. Bowens.



Session 7C: - So You Want to Write a Book: Self-publishing Arizona History. Location: Grand Ballroom West.


            Chair: Bruce J. Dinges, Arizona Historical Society


A roundtable discussion with Bob Ring, Al Ring, and Tallia Pfrimmer Cahoon; David Devine; Mona McCroskey; and Bob Pugh.



3:30 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.



            Session 8A: - Territorial Justice Forum.  Location: Grand Ballroom East.


            U.S. v. Colin Cameron (San Rafael Grant).


Historians and legal experts, working with Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park, discuss the historic and contemporary issues involved in the 1893 Supreme Court case regarding the San Rafael de la Zanja grant and the fencing of public lands.



            Session 8B: - Racial and Ethnic Contributions.  Location:  Grand Ballroom Central.


            Chair: Alfredo Gonzales, Tucson.


Gerhard Grytz, “German Arizona? Early German Influences on the Development of Arizona—From German Jesuits to the Sonora Exploring and Mining Company”


Diana Hadley and Michael Speelman, “Don Leopoldo Carrillo: Sonoran Merchant and Developer in Territorial Tucson”


Gloria L. Smith, “Cattle, Copper, and Cotton and African American Participation in Arizona’s 3Cs”



            Session 8C: - Accommodating Change.  Location: Grand Ballroom West.


            Chair: Christine Rhodes, Bisbee


            Jo Macek, “Casa Grande: A Call To Arms”


            Beth Henson, “Bisbee 1984”


            Stephanie Fore, “History and Expansion of Arizona Hotels”






2:00 p.m.-- 5:00 p.m. - Field Trips. Walking Tour of Historic Armory Park. 2:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. This tour of Victorian-style homes built around the site where Union troops encamped in the 1860s, includes boarding houses that served railroad workers, along with architecturally distinctive public buildings such as the Henry Trost-designed Carnegie Library, St. Augustine Cathedral, the Scottish Rite Cathedral, and the Temple of Music and Art. Walking Tour of Historic Barrio Viejo. 2:00 p.m. - 3:30 p.m. A guide will relate stories of landmarks and residents of the neighborhood (barrio) just south of the Convention Center. Historic homes include late-18th century Mexican row houses and Sonoran adobes, along with the El Tiradito shrine, a theater, and Carrillo School. Both of these tours begin from the patio of the Sosa-Carrillo-Fremont House behind the hotel. Guided Tour of Historic Evergreen Cemetery. 3:45 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. Members of the Arizona State Genealogical Society will conduct a tour of graves of prominent Tucsonans interred in Evergreen Cemetery at 3015 N. Oracle Road. Participants are encouraged to carpool. Pima Air & Space Museum. 6000 E. Valencia Road. The museum features more than 200 aircraft on display and has five large hangers totaling 100,000 square feet of exhibit space. Collections include an exact replica of the 1903 Wright Flyer, General Eisenhower’s “Columbine,” and the DC-6 used by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. A one-hour tram tour will begin at 2:30 p.m. Special admission (which includes the tram ride) is $8.50. Convention attendees will need to provide their own transportation. The museum is only a 10-minute drive via I-10, and people are encouraged to carpool. Dunbar School Historic Site. North Main and 2nd Streets. A major renovation has been in the works for about five years on Tucson’s only segregated school (1950s and 1960s). Conference attendees are welcome to visit the site at any time.




6:00 p.m. - No-host cocktails.  Location:  Starlight Ballroom.


7:00 p.m. - Awards Banquet. Location: Starlight Ballroom.   




SUNDAY, April 30 – San Rafael Ranch State Park Tour. 8:30 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. A bus will depart from the hotel and take guests to San Rafael Ranch State Park. A box lunch will be provided. Following a private tour courtesy of Bob Sharp and Arizona State Parks, the bus will return to the hotel by 4:00 p.m. Tour limited to the first 40 registrants. Reservation and payment deadline April 7. 



Arizona State Parks offers the following “Park Detours” for convention attendees who wish to explore on their own Sunday:


Kartchner Caverns State Park. 8:50 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. Two different tours of the Rotunda/Throne Room will be offered. The 9:40 a.m. “Behind the Scenes Tour” will emphasize the construction techniques and conservation measures used in creating the tunnels, trails and lighting. The 10:00 a.m. “Rotunda/Throne Tour” will emphasize the unique geological formations in the cave and their creation by natural occurrences. Both tour groups will meet Cave Unit Rangers at 8:50 a.m., at the outdoor amphitheater, for a special pre-tour discussion, along with questions and answers. Tour fees: $18.95 for ages 14 and up; $9.95 for ages 7-13; free for ages 6 and under. Reservations required. Space is limited. Call (520) 586-2283 for reservations; select “Tour Group” line (#1); ask for April 30 Arizona History Convention tour, “Code J”; specify either 9:40 a.m. or 10:00 a.m. tour. Directions: 9 miles south of  I-10 Exit 302, off SR90. Allow 1 hour minimum from the convention hotel.


Tubac Presidio State Historic Park. 9:00 a.m. – 11:00 a.m. Ranger-led tour of the recently opened “Rojas House,” an 1890s’ Mexican row house; the 1885 schoolhouse, new museum exhibits; and underground archaeological display of presidio ruins. Fee waived for convention attendees. Directions: 45 miles south of Tucson on I-19, Exits 34 & 40. (520) 398-2252.


Picacho Peak State Park. 10:00 a.m. – 10:30 a.m. and 1:00 p.m. – 1:30 p.m. Special guided tours will focus on three main historical aspects of the park. Fee waived for convention attendees. Directions: 40 miles north of Tucson on I-10 at Exit 219. (520) 466-3183.




Accommodations:  Hotel Arizona at the Tucson Convention Center, 181 W. Broadway, Tucson, Arizona 85701. $85.00, plus tax, single or double. Make reservations by April 7. 1-800-845-4596, or (520) 624-8711. Please identify yourself as attending the Arizona History Convention. Parking in the hotel garage is $4.75 per day for guests; $1.00 per hour or $6.00 per day maximum for non-guests. 


Camping: Catalina State Park, 9 miles north of Tucson on SR77 (Oracle Road) at mile marker 81, approximately 25 minutes from the convention hotel. Call the park manager at (520) 628-5798 for availability and for special Arizona History Convention rates: $10 for non-electric sites and $15 for electric hook-up sites. Hot showers, flush toilets, hiking trails.


For conference information call Nancy Stonehouse or Bruce Dinges at (520) 628-5774.  Or, visit our website: