*please note that all times are Mountain Standard.


THURSDAY, April 26


Pre-conference Workshops:


8:30 a.m. – 11:30 a.m. and 12:30 p.m. – 3:30 p.m. – Document Conservation Workshops. Location:  McNary.


            Sponsored by Friends of Arizona Archives (FAzA)/Society of Southwest Archivists (SSA). Conservation Officer Michael McColgin and Archivist Jennifer Albin of the History and Archives Division of the Arizona State Library, Archives, and Public Records will conduct a hands-on workshop on how to repair and preserve historic documents. There is a choice of either a morning or afternoon workshop and attendees are encouraged to bring paper materials in need of repair. Not only will they leave the class with a repaired family treasure, but also with materials to practice their new skills at home. Please RSVP to Anna Uremovich at (480) 644-5421 or by April 21. Cost: $40 for FAzA/SSA members; $55 for non-members. (Each workshop is limited to 16 people.)



8:30 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (with a lunch break) Oral History Workshop. Location:

Fort Apache .


Sponsored by the Coordinating Committee for History in Arizona (CCHA) and Southwest Oral History Association (SOHA). Conducted by Melanie Sturgeon, Ph.D., director of the Arizona State Library, Archives, and Public Records History and Archives Division; and Catherine May, M.A., Salt River Project archivist, this workshop is designed for individuals (professional and non-professional) who have little or no experience in oral history interviewing. Through hands-on and interactive exercises, the workshop covers basic information and issues: planning and implementing a project; good research methodology and strategies; conducting interviews; problems in conducting research and interviews; basic equipment issues; transcribing and accessibility. Registration fee: $40.00 (meal not included). Registration deadline: April 14. Make checks payable and mail to: CCHA-Oral History Workshop, P.O. Box 874302 , Tempe , AZ 85287-4302 . For information, contact Catherine May, (602) 236-6750,; or Melanie Sturgeon (602) 542-4159,



8:30 a.m. – 4:00 p.m. (with a lunch break) – Historic Preservation in the Southwest. Location:  Whiteriver.


Sponsored by Arizona Preservation Foundation (APF) in cooperation with the Arizona

State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) and the New Mexico Historic Preservation Division (HPD). Detailed presentations will describe the programs offered by the two preservation offices. Discussions will cover historic preservation incentives, including grants and tax benefits; current issues of concern in the Southwest; historic preservation plans; and preservation questions involving private property rights, advocacy, economic benefits, and interaction with federal and state agencies. The session will also provide information on issues facing preservation advocates in the Southwest including, but not limited to: The State Registers. What they are and what they do? Have they failed or succeeded? Recent successes and losses. Benefits and differences in the programs. Partnerships. Identifying partners to increase state register nominations in small communities and rural areas. Public awareness. Increasing community awareness about the need to protect cultural resources through Site Watch/Site Steward programs. Presenters: James Garrison, Arizona State Historic Preservation Officer and Chief of the Historic Preservation Section, Arizona State Parks; William S. Collins, Deputy State Historic Preservation Officer, Historic Preservation Office, Arizona State Parks; Mary Estes, Resource Protection Specialist, Arizona State Historic Preservation Office Site Steward Program; John W. Murphey, Coordinator of State and National Register Programs, New Mexico Historic Preservation Division; Dorothy Victor, Historic Preservation Specialist, New Mexico Historic Preservation Division/Department of Cultural Affairs; Phillip A. Young, Site Watch Coordinator, New Mexico Historic Preservation Division. Cost: $30.00 (meal not included). Make checks payable and mail to: Arizona Preservation Foundation, P.O. Box 13492 , Phoenix , AZ 85002 . For information, contact Arizona Preservation Foundation, (602) 258-1920, or




1:00 p.m. – HSNM Board Meeting. Location: Board Room.



3:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. – Conference Registration.  Location: Conference Center Lobby.


            Booksellers set up.  Location: Conference Center Lobby.



4:30 p.m. – 6:00 p.m. – Plenary Session. Location: Mount Baldy .


Third Annual McFarland Forum – Speaker: Paul A. Hutton, “‘Dreamscape Desperado’: The Legend of Billy the Kid.”



6:30 p.m.  Reception. Location: Mount Baldy .                    


7:00 p.m.  Dinner. Location: Mount Baldy .  


            J’Shon Lee and Ginny Handorf will sing the national anthem in Apache and English.


Welcome:   White Mountain Apache Tribal Council chairman Ronnie Lupe and Pinetop-Lakeside mayor Larry Vicario will make a joint welcome.       





FRIDAY, April 27


7:30 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. - Registration.  Location: Conference Center Lobby.


            Book Displays.  Location: Conference Center Lobby.




8:30 a.m. – 9:45 a.m.


Session 1A: - Indian Spirituality.  Location: Whiteriver.  


            Chair: Raymond Endfield, Jr., White Mountain Apache Tribe director of tourism.


  •             Ramon Riley, “Apache History and Spirituality.”  
  •             Vincent Craig, “The Prayer Circle .”                       
  •             Vincent Randall, “Is Apache Spirituality in Danger of Being Lost?”




Session 1B: - Women’s Heritage Trail Project Panel. Location: Fort Apache .


Moderator:  Joan Meacham, project director. Panelists: Mary Melcher, historian; Helena Ruter, researcher; Katherine Morrissey, University of Arizona .



            Session 1C: - Flagstaff ’s Past. Location: McNary.


Chair:  Joe Meehan, Arizona Historical Society.


  • Joseph Marques, “Civil War Veterans in Frontier Flagstaff : Ransom Post #4, Grand Army of the Republic.”  
  • Kathy Farretta, “The Role of the Riordan Families in Bringing Science to Early Flagstaff .”  
  • Bee Valvo, “Collateral Damage: Flagstaff , World War I, and the Influenza Epidemic of 1918.”




10:00 a.m. – 11:15 a.m.



            Session 2A: - Outlaws on the Arizona and New Mexico Frontiers.  Location: Whiteriver.  


            Chair:  Jim Turner, Arizona Historical Society.  


    • Barbara Marriott, “Joel Fowler and The Committee of Safety, 1884.”
    • Jan Cleere, “Massacres, Mayhem, and Mischief: The Story of Murderer and Rustler Augustine Chacón.”
    • H. Christine Reid, “ Pearl Hart—Victim or Vixen . . . or Both?”






            Session 2B: - White Mountain History. Location: Fort Apache .      


            Chair:  Jo Baeza, Pinetop.


    • Anthony Cooley, “Corydon E. Cooley’s Letters to Vincent Colyer and Gen. O. O. Howard, 1872.”
    • Raymond Johnson, “Early Lakeside .”
    • Gene Luptak, “Pinetop: From Saloon to Country Clubs.”





            Session 2C: - Pushing Westward. Location:  McNary.


            Chair:  John Porter Bloom, Las Cruces .


    • Vernon J. Glover, “ El Paso & Southwestern: Our Forgotten Railroad Empire.”
    • John B. Ramsay, “The John Clark Diaries.”
    • James Garrison, “Adobe Phoenix , 1878.”





Noon – 1:30 p.m. - Arizona Historical Society Al Merito Luncheon.  Location: Mount Baldy .




2:00 p.m. – 3:15 p.m.



            Session 3A: - Indian Ceremonies.  Location:  Whiteriver.


            Chair: Peterson Zah, Former President, Navajo Nation.


    • Mariddie Craig, Sunrise
    • Monty Roessel, “Navajo ‘Kinalda’”
    • Beverly Honanie, “Hopi Transition into Womanhood.”    





            Session 3B: - The Wild West.  Location:   Fort Apache .      


            Chair:   Zeke Austin , Arizona Historical Society.


    • Al Bates, “The Shameful Death of Jack Swilling.”
    • Juti A. Winchester, “‘A Hankering to Go to Congress’: William F. Cody’s Arizona Senatorial Campaign of 1911.”
    • Danette L. Turner, “The Rise and Decline of the Rural Mounted Police of Arizona and New Mexico .”




Session 3C: - The Ethnic Southwest.  Location:  McNary.


            Chair:  Frank Barrios, Phoenix .


    • Heather Dorris, “The Chinese Predicament of Grant County , New Mexico .”
    • Kyle Longley, “Always Faithful: The Short, Sweet Life of Clive Garcia, Jr. of Morenci , Arizona .”
    • Charles H. Barfoot, “From Miracle Valley to Death Valley : The Story of A. A. Allen and the Search for the Fabulous in the Southwest.”




3:30 p.m. – 4:45 p.m.



            Session 4A: - War and Peace.  Location: Whiteriver.


            Chair: Karl Hoerig, White Mountain Apache Cultural Center/Museum.


    • Bill Cavaliere, “The Surrenders of Geronimo.”
    • David W. Higgs, “George Wratten and the Apache Prisoners of War.”
    • Deborah Williams, “Pasquale: Nineteenth-Century Yuma Chief, Peacemaker, Assimilationist and Convert to Christianity.”




            Session 4B: - Mesas and Pueblos .  Location:   Fort Apache .


            Chair:  James E. Babbitt, Flagstaff .


    • Gerald E. Snow, “Richard Kern and the Zuni Mission Church Illustrations of 1851.”
    • Michael J. Lawson and George Shaw, “All Aboard the Atlantic and Pacific Railway: Smithsonian Anthropologists Among the Pueblos of Arizona and New Mexico .”
    • Richard D. Quartaroli, “The Influence of George Eastman and the Use of Kodak Equipment on Early 20th Century Artists and Hopi Ceremonial Sensitivity.”



Session 4C: - Friends of Arizona Archives (FAzA)/Society of Southwest Archivists. “Archives in the Classroom: Extending the Learning Experience in Arizona and New Mexico .” Location:  McNary.


            Chair: Michael McColgin, President, Society of Southwest Archivists.



      • Daphne Arnaiz-deLeon , New Mexico State Records Center and Archives
      • Melanie Sturgeon, Arizona State Library, Archives, and Public Records
      • Charlotte Walters, Political Archives, Center for Southwest Research, University of New Mexico Library




5:30 p.m. - Cibicue Crown Dancers.  Location: Mount Baldy .


The Cibicue Crown Dancers will perform, with a presentation by Hedy Kelewood, “Placing the Crown Dancers in Historical Perspective.”



6:15 p.m. - Historical Society of New Mexico Book Auction. Location: Fort Apache and Mount Baldy .  


            Includes reception (see registration form) with food and cash bar.



SATURDAY, April 28


7:00 – 8:15 a.m. – Early Bird Arizona Centennial Session. Location: McNary.



7:30 a.m. - HSNM membership meeting. Location: Mount Baldy .


A complimentary continental breakfast will be provided. Please indicate on the registration form if you will be attending.


8:00 a.m. – noon. - Registration. Location: Conference Center Lobby.


            Book Displays.  Location: Conference Center Lobby.



8:30 a.m. – 9:45 a.m.



Session 5A: - Digging Up the Past.  Location: Whiteriver.                             


            Chair:  Anne I. Woosley, Arizona Historical Society.


      • Holly Young, “What Archaeology Can Teach Us About History.
      • Jo Tice Bloom, “Dr. Bertha Dutton and Her Dirty Diggers.”
      • Jeanne S. Schofer, “Homesteading, Logging, and Laying Track: Historic-Period Use of the Los Burros Area, Apache Sitgreaves National Forests.”



Session 5B: - Imagining Natural Arizona : Canyons, Kitsch, and Caverns. Location:   Fort Apache .                                 


            Chair:  Michael A. Amundson, Northern Arizona University.


      • Cody Ferguson, “Wet And Wild: The Designation of Three Unlikely Wilderness Areas in Central Arizona in 1984.”
      • Michael Weeks, “Winter on the Margins: Flagstaff and the Post-WWII Promotion of Seasonality in an Arid Climate.”
      • Scott K. Risley, “Grand Canyon Caverns: A Small Business Show Cavern in Bypassed Northern Arizona .”



            Session 5C: - Arizona and New Mexico in the Great Wars.  Location:  McNary.


            Chair: Richard Melzer, University of New Mexico .     


      • Thomas L. Hedglen, “The Boys from Las Vegas : The Glassford Brothers in World War I.”
      • Martha Shipman Andrews, “Aggies in the Pacific: The WWII Correspondence of Daniel B. Jett.”
      • John S. Lynch, “World War II California-Arizona Maneuver Area.”




10:00 a.m. – 11:15 a.m.


            Session 6A: - McFarland Student Scholar Session.  Location: Whiteriver.


            Chair:  Bill Phillips, Arizona State University


            National History Day students present their prize-winning Arizona history essays.



            Session 6B: - Southwest Miscellany. Location:   Fort Apache .


            Chair:  Charles Bennett, Santa Fe .  


      • Deborah C. Slaney, “‘A Few Years Ago We Saw Introduced Fine Looms for Cotton’: The 19th-Century Rio Abajo Cotton-Weaving Tradition.”
      • Greg Scott, “Songs of the ‘Cherryboys’: Dane Coolidge, Pioneer Arizona Cowboy Song Collector.”
      • Robert J. Tórrez, “The ‘bad girls’ of New Mexico History




            Session 6C: - Old Towns.  Location:  McNary.


            Chair:  Michael Stevenson, Santa Fe .


        • Neta Pope, “ Central City , New Mexico : Fort Bayard ’s Playground.”
        • Robert F. Palmquist, “Forgotten Founder? Thomas J. Bidwell and the Tombstone Silver Boom.”
        • Jean Reynolds, “From Goodyear to Ocotillo: The Story of the First Town of Goodyear , Arizona .”



Noon – 1:30 a.m. - Luncheon. Presentation of McFarland Scholar Awards. Location: Mount Baldy . 


Speaker:  Ken Travous, Arizona State Parks , “ San Rafael and the Electric Horseman”



2:00 p.m. 3:15 p.m.



            Session 7A: - When Does News Become History?  Location: Whiteriver.


            Chair:  Jim Harris, Lea County Museum , Lovington , NM .


        • Pam Stevenson, “When Does News Become History?”
        • Susan Lenox, “ Phoenix Union High School 1970 Walkout and Boycott: Mobilization in the Inner City.”
        • William J. Schafer, “Charles Schmid and His Murderous Friends




Session 7B: - Constructing Social Order in Arizona .  Location:   Fort Apache .


            Chair:  Eric Meeks, Northern Arizona University.


      • Kendra Moore, “Fiends and Members of the Underworld: Arizona Territory ’s Construction of the Female Criminal from 1878-1909.”
      • Helen Peterson, “Constructed Social Order: Clarkdale , Arizona . Built Environment and the City Beautiful Movement, 1912-1920.”
      • Matthew G. McCoy, “‘See It All!’: Tourism in Arizona During the 1970s.”




Session 7C: - The History of Teaching History in Arizona Panel.  Location: McNary.                                   


Moderator:  Linda Sargent Wood, Arizona State University .


  • James McBride, Arizona State University ;
  • Carol Warren , Arizona Department of Education;
  • Paul Robinson, University of Arizona .
  • Comment: Eric Ladue, Corona del Sol High School , Tempe .



3:30 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.



            Session 8A: - Territorial Justice Forum.  Location:  Whiteriver.


Historians and legal experts, working with Tombstone Courthouse State Historic Park , discuss the historic and contemporary issues involved in the Pleasant Valley War.                                      


            Session 8B: - Mining in the Southwest.  Location:   Fort Apache .


            Chair:  Robert A. Trennert, Arizona State University .


        • Bob Spude, “E. B. Gage and the Tombstone Mines.”
        • Bob Ring, Al Ring, and Tallia Pfrimmer Cahoon, “In Their Own Words: The Fraser Letters Highlight the Challenge of Early Mining in Borderland Arizona .”
        • Renée Ross, “Folk Management at the San Manuel Mine, Pinal County, Arizona : A Look at Management from the Bottom Up.”





            Session 8C: - New Mexico Women.  Location:  McNary.


            Chair:  JoAnne Jager, Santa Fe .


      • Cecilia Bell, “Josephine Clifford, First Lady of Fort Bayard : A Time of Sunshine and Darkening Clouds.”
      • Kathleen P. Chamberlain, “In the Shadow of Billy the Kid: Susan McSween and the Lincoln County War.
      • Sharon Snyder, “History in the Writings of Peggy Pond Church .”





2:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m. - Field Trips. Stinson Museum Tour. Participants will board buses for Snowflake, where docents in 1878 period costumes will guide them through four historic homes (Victorian, Gothic, Greek, and Colonial Revival), all on the National Register.

Show Low-Taylor Tour. A bus will take participants to the Show Low Historical Museum with ten period rooms featuring families, relics, events, and towns in settling the White Mountains . The tour also includes a “Walk Into Yesteryear” at the Hancock Log Cabin, red-brick schoolhouse in the Taylor Museum , and other nearby sites.       


6:00 p.m. - No-host cocktails.  Location:   Mount Baldy .


7:00 p.m. - Awards Banquet. Location:   Mount Baldy .   




SUNDAY, April 29 – 9:00 a.m. – 4:00 p.m.


Fort Apache Tour. Buses will take participants on a tour of historic and prehistoric sites at Fort Apache , Kinishba, and Cibicue. Lunch will be provided. Cost: $50 per person for bus tour; $35.00 per person for people who choose to provide their own transportation.


Little House Museum-Casa Malpais Ruins Tour. Buses will take participants to the X Diamond Little House Museum nestled between the majestic walls of the Little Colorado River . Lunch will be provided at the Springerville public park. The tour will conclude with a visit to the Casa Malpais Ruins, dating to ca. 1250, with its great kiva, ceremonial plaza, and sacred chambers among a vast number of ruins and buildings. Cost: $50.00 per person for bus tour; $35.00 for people who chose to provide their own transportation.   



Arizona State Parks offers the following “Park Detours” for convention attendees who wish to explore on their own Sunday:


Fool Hollow Lake Recreation Area, 9:30 a.m. – 10:40 a.m. Special guided tour of park with two presentations: “Bark Beetle Impact on the Ponderosa Forests of the White Mountains” and “Wildland Fires and Arizona State Parks .” In addition to seeing this beautiful park with 100-foot pine trees beside a quiet lake frequented by great blue herons, participants will see rangers in wildland fire gear and inspect the Type VI Brush Truck, a ranger-designed fire vehicle that has become a prototype for other fire units. Afterwards, enjoy the park on your own by hiking, fishing, or picnicking. Fee waived for convention attendees. Directions: 2 miles north of US 60 off SR 260 (22 miles NW of Hon-Dah). Allow 30 minutes from convention hotel. Phone: (928) 537-3680.


Lyman Lake State Park, 9:50 a.m. – 11:50 a.m. Guided pontoon boat tour across Lyman Lake to Ultimate Petroglyph Trail. See unusual petroglyphs along 1/2-mile trail, including exceptional animal and geometric figures, traditional Hopi clan symbols, as well as Ultimate Rock, a large boulder containing petroglyphs from several different time periods. Entrance fee waived. Tour fee: $2 per person. Take a self-guided tour to Rattlesnake Point Pueblo to see 14th-century ruin or to ¼-mile Peninsula Petroglyph Trail, or enjoy a picnic lunch. Snacks and picnic food can be purchased in Springerville. Camping, cabins, and yurts are available for overnight visit. Directions: 11 miles south of St. Johns and 18 miles north of Springerville (between mileposts 380 and 381). Allow one hour from convention hotel. Phone: (928) 337-4441.


Tonto Natural Bridge State Park , 11:00 a.m. – 11:45 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. – 2:15 p.m. The park will host convention attendees throughout the day. Special tours of the second story of the historic lodge, completed in 1927, will be offered at 11:00 a.m. and 1:30 p.m. After the tour, take a short walk to four parking lot level viewpoints to see the world’s largest travertine bridge and waterfalls, or take one of three short, but steep and rugged, trails to the waterfall cave, to the Pine Creek natural area, or to the observation deck in the creek bottom. Fee waived. Snacks or picnic food can be purchased in Payson. Directions: 10 miles south of Payson off SR 87. Allow 2 to 2.5 hours from Fool Hollow Lake or convention hotel. Phone: (928) 476-4202.